[Todos CMAT] noticias IMU

roma roma en fing.edu.uy
Mar Mar 31 09:27:07 -03 2020

    *1. **Editorial: Diversity and Inclusion

    These are two of the most prominent nouns floating through academic
    and political discourse in the United States.  In their most literal
    sense, diversity and inclusion refer to goals which almost all in
    the mathematics community share.  When someone of any age, from any
    country, with any personal orientation does interesting mathematics,
    then our community celebrates that achievement.

    However, access to personal growth and economic success through
    mathematics is much more challenging for most than it should be.
    The underrepresentation of various groups in mathematical research
    and education reflects the disadvantages faced by members of those
    groups.  We should try to put into place programs, structures, and
    incentives, which enable mathematical talent to be achieved and
    mathematical skills to be made available to all. While supporting
    and encouraging greater participation, we should avoid boycotts,
    proscriptions, and condemnations, which increasingly dominate public
    discourse.  After all, this is contrary to the spirit of inclusivity.

    The International Mathematical Union plays a prominent role in
    encouraging diversity and inclusion.  Indeed, the International
    Congress of Mathematicians succeeds at a high level in involving
    mathematicians from around the world in the international
    mathematical community.  At these Congresses, selected early career
    mathematicians have an opportunity to encounter a broad spectrum of
    mathematics pursued by some of the most accomplished
    mathematicians.  Most senior participants are delighted to talk to
    those who they have not previously encountered, resulting in an
    event where both senior and junior participants find their own
    careers enhanced.

    The ICM is the headline event of the IMU, followed by various
    activities on the ground.  With its commissions (e.g., the
    Commission for Developing Countries) and its committees (e.g., the
    Committee for Women in Mathematics), the IMU with very limited
    resources aims to advance diversity and inclusion. Perhaps more
    could be done by the IMU if it served as a catalyst for efforts at
    the national level.  As just one idea, why not “twin” national
    organizations in a way which is similar to the way various cities
    around the world are twinned?  Why not single out best practices at
    the national level?

    There are troubling counter-forces, which have disturbed me
    personally. Our mathematics community should promote mathematics:
    its discovery, its promotion, its educational mission, and its
    contribution to the world at large.  Some groups within our
    community have targeted political agendas.  I feel these agendas,
    whether or not we personally support them, should not interrupt our
    professional efforts in favor of diversity and inclusivity in the
    mathematical community. Mathematics can serve as a bridge across
    different strata, a bridge that can promote positive achievements.
    Mathematicians should be promoting diversity throughout the
    mathematical community, and should reject efforts to use “diversity”
    as an argument for exclusion.  “Inclusion” signifies outreach to
    all, especially those who come from under-represented groups and/or
    difficult personal situations.

    Mathematics should be the leader among academic disciplines in
    promoting diversity and inclusion. As mathematicians, we should
    reach across boundaries, be they political, gender, or ethnicity.
    In our professional lives, we should be ambassadors for mathematics
    and for the good it brings to society.

    Eric M. Friedlander (Chair, US National Committee/Math and Dean’s
    Professor, University of Southern California)

    ***2. **CDC <https://www.mathunion.org/cdc>: Programs and schedules**

    *Conference Support Program.* This program gives partial support to
    Mathematical Science based conferences organized in developing
    countries. The funds are for travel and accommodation only. The
    conference organizers must send the application form at least four
    months in advance. Upcoming deadlines:

    • April 15, 2020 for conferences starting after August 15, 2020.
    • July 15, 2020 for conferences starting after November 15, 2020.
    • October 1, 2020 for conferences starting after February 1, 2021.

    *IMU-Simons African Fellowship Program.* This program is funded by
    the Simons Foundation, NY, USA and supports research sabbaticals for
    mathematicians from African developing countries employed in Africa
    to travel to an internationally known mathematical center of
    excellence (worldwide) for collaborative research. All travel and
    living expenses of the grantees will be covered by the fellowship up
    to USD 5,000. Upcoming deadlines:

    • April 15, 2020 for visits starting between August 1, 2020 and
    August 1, 2021.
    • July 15, 2020 for visits starting between November 1, 2020 and
    November 1, 2021.
    • October 1, 2020 for visits starting between January 15, 2021 and
    January 15, 2022.

    *Individual Research Travel Support Program.* This program supports
    travel costs for research visits for a period of at least four weeks
    by mathematicians based in developing countries. The deadlines are
    the same as for the IMU-Simons African Fellowship Program above.

    For more information, please visit the website

    Olga Gil-Medrano (IMU-CDC Secretary for Policy)


    ***3. **News from CWM <https://www.mathunion.org/cwm>**

    a) The CWM 2020 call for Networks, Schools and Workshops
    received 35 applications of which CWM was able to support 8.
    In the selection of grants, priority was given to projects
    developing regional networks for Women in Mathematics in Africa,
    Latin America, and Asia. We are supporting the 3rd Meeting for Latin
    American Women in Mathematics in Colombia, a Workshop on Skills for
    Young Women Mathematicians in Chile, a Mentoring Workshop in India,
    the Women in Sage in Africa Workshop in Senegal, a Topics in Applied
    Mathematics School at Nesin village, Turkey, and the Second South
    East Asian Women Mathematicians meeting in Vietnam.

    Upgrading  and making perennial the May 12 initiative website
    was also approved, and the new website is now available.
    Finally, the project of creating an exhibition on Russian Women in
    Mathematics taking place during (WM)² in Saint-Petersburg in 2022
    was supported.
    See more here

    b) The final version of the Gender Gap in Science Book is now
    available at
    An 8 pages booklet (English, French and Spanish versions) containing
    the summary of the results of the project and the full list of its
    recommendations can be found at
    https://gender-gap-in-science.org/promotional-materials/ .
    The recommendations of the Gender Gap in Science Project have been
    sent to the Adhering Organizations of the International Mathematical
    Union by the IMU General Secretary.

    ***4. **ICMI: ICME-14 postponed. GA to be held as web event**.

    Due to the global pandemic caused by the new coronavirus disease
    (COVID-19), ICMI <https://www.mathunion.org/icmi> and ICME-14
    <https://www.icme14.org/static/en/index.html> have decided, after
    careful discussion and consultation, to postpone ICME-14 by one year
    until the Northern Hemisphere summer of 2021. The specific dates of
    postponed ICME-14 and the details related to the conference
    organization, including information for those already registered,
    will be announced as soon as possible.

    The General Assembly for ICMI, scheduled to take place just prior
    to ICME-14, will be organized as a web event in July 2020 in
    order to carry out the elections for the new Executive Committee of
    ICMI which will take office on 1 January 2021.

    ***5. **International Day of Mathematics (IDM)**

    1. The official launch at UNESCO has been cancelled and the African
    launch at the Next Einstein Forum has been postponed, both because
    of the COVID-19 epidemic. They have been replaced by a Live Global
    Launch at https://www.idm314.org/launch-2020.html, which premiered
    the worldwide video, MATHEMATICS IS *EVERYWHERE*. Throughout the
    whole day, special announcements were posted as well as videos,
    photos and experiences from the celebrations around the world.

    2. The IDM has aroused worldwide enthusiasm with 1030 celebrations
    announced in more than 110 countries. Unfortunately, many
    celebrations were cancelled due to the COVID-19 epidemic. This led
    to spontaneous online presentations via videos and recorded talks
    and home celebrations of the IDM in many countries. About 15 000
    unique users have visited the IDM website on March 14.

    3. UNESCO published a webpage with the IDM:
    https://en.unesco.org/commemorations/mathematics, which is
    translated in the six languages of UNESCO.

    4. We invite you to celebrate March 14 next year! A call for the
    2021 theme is already out
    send us your ideas at http://www.idm314.org
    <http://www.idm314.org/>. If you have not done so, register to the
    IDM newsletter at http://www.idm314.org <http://www.idm314.org/>.
    This is how you will be told of the 2021 theme and the new developments.

    ***6. **Mathematical Subject Classification 2020 published**

    *The latest revision MSC 2020 of the Mathematics Subject
    Classification (MSC) has been published, replacing the 2010
    Mathematics Subject Classification (referred to as MSC2010).
    Searchable versions are available from the zbMATH site
    (https://zbmath.org/classification/ ) and the MathSciNet site
    (https://mathscinet.ams.org/mathscinet/searchMSC.html). As
    anticipated, there are no changes at the two-digit level, but
    several at the three-digit level, and hundreds at the five-digit level.
    Mathematical Reviews (MR) and zbMATH collaborate on maintaining the
    Mathematics Subject Classification.


    ***7. **Mathematical Congress of the Americas 2021**

    The third Mathematical Congress of the Americas
    <http://www.mca2021.org/> will take place in Buenos Aires
    (Argentina) in the week 19-24 July, 2021. Its goal is to
    internationally highlight the excellence of mathematical
    achievements in the Americas and foster collaborations among
    researchers, students, institutions and mathematical societies in
    the Americas.
    More information, including the list of plenary and invited
    speakers: http://www.mca2021.org/ .

   ***8. **Louis Nirenberg (1925 – 2020)**

    Louis Nirenberg died in New York City on January 26, 2020 at the age
    of 94.

    He was a leading mathematician, whose fundamental contributions in
    the field of partial differential equations were hugely influential.
    This area of mathematics provides the language we use to
    describe—and the techniques we use to analyze—diverse problems from
    many fields, including geometry, physics, and engineering. Louis'
    earliest work, in the 1950's, solved two longstanding problems from
    geometry by proving new estimates for fully-nonlinear elliptic
    equations. Over the course of his long and productive career his
    achievements included the solution of many other important problems,
    and—equally significant—the introduction of many new ideas and

    Louis was born in 1925 in Hamilton, Ontario, but grew up in
    Montreal. He studied Mathematics and Physics at McGill University,
    graduating in 1945, then came to New York University as a
    Mathematics masters student. The postwar years were a remarkable
    time for mathematics at NYU—his fellow students included Eugene
    Isaacson, Peter Lax, Joseph Keller, Martin Kruskal, Cathleen
    Morawetz, Harold Grad, and Avron Douglis. Louis remained at NYU for
    his entire career: after completing his PhD in 1949 with guidance
    from James Stoker and Kurt Friedrichs, he held a two-year
    postdoctoral position then joined the faculty in 1951. His title was
    Professor of Mathematics from 1957 until 1999, when he retired and
    became Professor Emeritus. He was Director of the Courant Institute
    from 1970 to 1972.

    Louis' impact was partly due to his exquisite taste in problems. One
    very successful mode was to recognize, through specific challenges,
    the need for new tools or estimates. His ability to identify such
    challenges—and to find the required tools or estimates—was a major
    driver of his impact. His early work on problems from geometry had
    this character; other examples include his papers in the 60's with
    Joseph Kohn on problems from complex differential geometry; and
    those in the 80's with Haim Brezis on nonlinear elliptic equations
    with critical exponents.

    A different, equally successful mode was to identify tools that were
    clearly important, then systematically explore their power. His work
    on the regularity of solutions of linear elliptic equations and
    systems had this character; it was done in the 50's and 60's with
    Shmuel Agmon and Avron Douglis. Another example is his work on the
    symmetry of solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations
    using the “method of moving planes” and the “sliding method,”
    developed in the 80's and 90's with Basilis Gidas, Wei-Ming Ni, and
    Henry Berestycki.

    Louis also loved challenges—particularly ones involving estimates or
    inequalities—and this was the motivation for many projects. One
    example is his work on solutions of the incompressible Navier-Stokes
    equations, which describe for example the flow of water. We still
    don't know whether its solutions are smooth or not, so it is natural
    to ask about the size of the set where they are not smooth. The
    estimates Louis proved in the 80's with Luis Caffarelli and Robert
    Kohn remain the state of the art.

    A gifted teacher and mentor, Louis was advisor to 46 PhD students
    (starting with Walter Littman in 1956 and ending with Kanishka
    Perera in 1997), and he also had a formative influence on many
    postdocs and collaborators.

    Lively and gregarious, Louis loved music, art, and film almost as
    much as he loved mathematics. He maintained close friendships with
    many colleagues around the world. He loved to travel, and to host
    visitors. He particularly enjoyed working with others; as a result,
    almost all his papers were coauthored.

    Louis received many prestigious awards, including the Abel Prize
    (2015), the American Mathematical Society's Leroy P. Steele Prizes
    for Seminal Contribution to Research (2014) and Lifetime Achievement
    (1994), the International Mathematical Union's Chern Medal (2010),
    the National Medal of Science (1995), the Canadian Mathematical
    Society's Jeffery-Williams Prize (1987), the Crafoord Prize (1982),
    and the American Mathematical Society's Bôcher Prize (1959).

    He became a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in
    1965, a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1969, and a
    Fellow of the American Mathematical Society in 2013. He was also a
    member of numerous honorary societies in other countries, including
    Accademia dei Lincei (1978), Accademia Mediterranea della Scienza
    (1982), Académie des Sciences (1989), Istituto Lombardo Accademia
    Scienze e Lettere (1991), Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (1994), and
    Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters (2015). He received
    honorary degrees from McGill University (1986), University of Pisa
    (1990), Université de Paris IX Paris-Dauphine (1990), McMaster
    University (2000), University of British Columbia (2010); and he was
    named Honorary Professor by Nankai University (1987), Zhejiang
    University (1988), and Peking University (2016).

    Louis is survived by his son Marc, his daughter Lisa and her
    partner, Joseph Ganci, his grandchildren Jimmy and Alma, his sister
    Deborah, and his partner Nanette.

    Additional information about Louis, including video, is available at
    the Simons Foundation's "Science Lives" website, via this link:

    An autobiography is included in a recent book The Abel Prize
    2013-2017 (H. Holden and R. Piene eds, Springer-Verlag, 2019, pp

    /This obituary appeared originally on the website of the Courant
    Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York City University. It is
    authored by Jalal Shatah and Robert V. Kohn, both at the Courant
    Institute. Reprinted here with kind permission./

    ***9. **Wolf and Abel Prize awarded**

    The 2020 Wolf Prize <https://wolffund.org.il/2020/01/13/opop/> in
    Mathematics will be awarded jointly to *Yakov Eliashberg* (Stanford
    University, CA, USA) and *Simon Donaldson* (Imperial College, Ondon,
    UK and Simons Center for Geometry and Physics, Stony Book
    University, Long Island, USA) “for their contributions to
    differential geometry and topology.”

    The 2020 Abel Prize <https://www.abelprize.no/> winners are *Hillel
    Furstenberg* (Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel) and *Gregory
    Margulis* (Yale University, USA) “for pioneering the use of methods
    from probability and dynamics in group theory, number theory and

Más información sobre la lista de distribución Todos