[Todos CMAT] Fwd: IMU-Net 75

Dr. Roberto Markarian roma en fing.edu.uy
Dom Ene 31 12:14:46 UYT 2016


IMU-Net 75: January 2016
A Bimonthly Email Newsletter from the International Mathematical Union
Editor: Martin Raussen, Aalborg University, Denmark


1. Editorial: Learning about the Work of the IMU
2. CEIC: Notes and Comments
3. ICM 2018
4. IMU-CDC: New secretary for policy introduces herself
5. Workshop “Global change impact on diseases and alien species expansion”
6. International AAS/AMU Symposium
7. V Congreso latinoamericano de matemáticos
8. 7ECM 2016
9. Calls from the AMSSI
10. Abel Prize 2016: Announcement
11. Data in ICSU
12. Mireille Chaleyat –Maurel and Wolfgang Dalitz are retiring from IMU
13. Subscribing to IMU-Net


1. Editorial: Learning about the Work of the IMU

Before I was elected to the Executive Committee of the IMU at the  
meeting of the General Assembly in Korea, I had only experienced the  
work of the organization as a participant in international congresses.  
I've since learned of the many projects that the IMU is involved with,  
beyond the challenge of organizing the next ICM in Rio. The challenge  
of representing and serving the extremely diverse national  
mathematical societies is a daunting one, and members on the staff in  
Berlin, not to mention the secretary, Helge Holden, and the president,  
Shigefumi Mori, all work tirelessly on our behalf.
I've been particularly impressed with the presence that the IMU  
maintains in larger scientific societies, and with the work that the  
IMU does in supporting mathematics in developing countries. I was very  
fortunate to have been educated at Harvard and Oxford, where I came  
into contact with some of the leading mathematicians of our time as a  
student. With sponsored conferences and travel grants, we can now make  
these opportunities available to young mathematicians around the  
world. I feel that we have to foster even more international contact  
in the years ahead. Mathematics is a universal language, which can  
bring us together in fractious times.
One vehicle for contact and information is this newsletter, the  
IMU-Net. I've been asked to serve as the liaison from the Executive  
Committee to our new editor, Martin Raussen. Fortunately, I've had the  
chance to work with the previous liaison, Christiane Rousseau, and the  
previous editor, Mireille Chaleyat, for several months to see how the  
IMU-Net is put together. They have both done an outstanding job, and  
all of us who are involved with the IMU owe them out thanks. I also  
want to thank Martin, who already is serving as the Vice President of  
the European Math Society, for taking on this new editorial task.

Benedict H. Gross


2. CEIC: Notes and Comments

GDML-WG activity
The CEIC's Global Digital Mathematical Library Working Group (GDML-WG)  
has been involved in organizing events encouraging community  
involvement in progress toward a GDML.  At the January 2016 Joint  
Mathematics Meetings in Seattle there was an AMS Special Session on  
“Mathematical Information in the Digital Age of Science'' with 11  
hours of talks by 18 speakers on a wide range of topics relevant to  
the GDML effort.  The speakers included 2 Fields Medalists, a  
past-President of the IMU, the prover of the Kepler Conjecture and the  
discoverers of a new convex pentagonal plane tiling, as well as  
representatives of publishing, libraries and technology. The next  
event involves the GDML-WG with the Wolfram Foundation and the Fields  
Institute in a Workshop on the Semantic Representation of Mathematics  
to be held February 3-5, 2016 at Fields.  This is intended to begin  
collaboration toward developing a computable semantic capture language  
for mathematics.  There will also be a special session of 4 lectures  
at the upcoming 7ECM in Berlin, July, 2016 (see Item 8 of this  

MathJax and MathML
MathJax - beautiful math in all browsers! That's the motto of MathJax,  
a tool used to display mathematics on web pages millions of times a  
day. MathJax is an open-source JavaScript display engine for LaTeX,  
MathML, and AsciiMath notation that works in all browsers. In 2009,  
the AMS, Design Science and SIAM formed the MathJax Consortium to  
enable Davide Cervone, with the help of Robert Miner at Design
Science, to design MathJax from the ground up, capitalizing on the  
extensive real-world experience gained from Cervone's earlier jsMath.   
Robert Miner was co-chair of the W3C Math Working Group that had  
developed MathML, Mathematics Markup Language, an XML vocabulary for  
representing mathematics on the web. MathML was the first specialist  
XML vocabulary for a specific subject and now a full ISO standard.

A problem for MathML has always been that mathematics, and indeed  
scientific and technical documents, make up so little of total web  
traffic.   As a result, Web browser makers have not expended the  
resources necessary to provide full support for MathML rendering. They  
are much more interested by the needs of advertising, say, for  
graphics or by inclusion of video or audio.  Thus MathJax was first  
seen partly as a way to bridge the gap until better native browser  
implementations for MathML were available.

MathJax software is a tour de force of programming in JavaScript.   
Roughly speaking, it takes input notation and converts it into an  
internal form of MathML; then that internal representation is  
converted, if the browser has no direct MathML rendering, into an HTML  
form styled with CSS and making use of modern Web font technology  
since mathematics employs special symbols and many alphabets; finally  
the browser's own rendering engine paints the screen. Since TeX is a  
fully capable programming language MathJax does not provide an  
interpreter for all TeX input, but does support most of the common  
LaTeX constructions and even a variety of customizations by users.

MathJax is software that thousands of mathematicians today see writing  
the equations on their screen.  MathML is a standard that is coherent  
with other Web and commercial XML standards.   Thus MathML is employed  
by publishers and database services, such as MathSciNet and zbMATH or  
Wolfram Functions and NIST's DLMF, when they want to represent their  
equations in a publicly accepted standard form.  MathML offers both  
markup for the presentation of formulas and some designed to express  
the content's semantics for, roughly, school-level mathematics.  A  
better machinable markup expressing semantic aspects for mathematics  
at large, in its various natural levels from informal to fully  
formalized, is the concern, for instance, of the workshop mentioned  
above under GDML-WG Activity.
Report by Patrick Ion (University of Michigan, USA)


3. ICM 2018

 From August 1st to 9th, 2018, Rio de Janeiro will host the  
International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) in its largest and most  
traditional convention center: Riocentro, in the Barra da Tijuca  
Subscription to the Congress Newsletter is now open.
The General Assembly of the IMU will be held in São Paulo, on July 29  
– 30, 2018.


4. IMU-CDC: New secretary for policy introduces herself

I teach at the University of Valencia (UV, Spain) where I am Full  
Professor. My main research interest is in Geometric Analysis, with  
particular emphasis in variational problems involving the volume and  
the energy functionals.
During four years, 2010-2014, I served as Vice-Rector for  
International Relations and Cooperation at the UV. This gave me the  
opportunity to make contacts with an important number of universities  
in Developing Countries, many of them in the Mediterranean Area and in  
I have been working for mathematical societies during the past 15  
years; in particular for the Royal Spanish Mathematical Society, as  
Vice-president from 2004 and as President from October 2006 to October  
2009 and also for the European Mathematical Society, as a member of  
the Executive Committee (2005-2008).
I became aware of the importance of the IMU when the Spanish  
mathematical community had been involved in the organization of the  
ICM06 in Madrid. Later on, being part of the Spanish Committee for the  
IMU (as a member from October 2006 and as President from 2008 to 2010)  
has allowed me to appreciate better the variety of activities that IMU  
supports. Now that I have been given the opportunity of helping the  
IMU acting as the Secretary for Policy of the CDC, I am delighted and  
grateful for this challenging task.
I am enthusiastically joining the Commission and very proud of working  
together with this team of experienced colleagues, in particular with  
its President Wandera Ogana, and maintaining the very successful  
programs that you are invited to follow on the CDC webpage. During the  
past months, the Commission has been drawing up a plan for an  
important new program: the IMU Breakout Graduate Fellowships. I will  
write in a future Newsletter about this project that will hopefully be  
implemented during 2016. 
Olga Gil-Medrano
Secretary for Policy of the CDC


5. Workshop “Global change impact on diseases and alien species expansion”

The workshop will take place at the African Institute for Mathematical  
Sciences (AIMS), in Cape Town, South Africa on May 2-6 2016. This  
website accepts applications. African participants will receive full  

This international, interdisciplinary, educational and capacity  
building workshop will bring together the two subjects of infectious  
diseases and invasive species and the context of climate change, thus  
allowing sharing the methods and building partnerships. The workshop  
will address the whole range of topics from field-work and collecting  
of data to the building and validating of models, to the adjustment of  
models to take into account the changing environment and the social  
characteristics, and to the design and implementation of strategies to  
fight infectious diseases and invasive species. Special emphasis will  
be put on African diseases and invasive species, as well as the  
characteristics of changing environment in Africa.

The workshop planned for 50 participants is mostly aimed to young  
researchers and postgraduate students, with a majority coming from  

Organizers: Jacek Banasiak (South Africa) banasiak en ukn.ac.za
Christiane Rousseau (Canada) rousseac en dms.umontreal.ca


6. International AAS/AMU Symposium

The African Academy of Sciences (AAS) in collaboration with African  
Mathematical Union (AMU) and the UNESCO Chair of Mathematics -  
National Mathematical Centre, Abuja-Nigeria, will host an  
International AAS/AMU Symposium at the National Mathematical Centre,  
Abuja-Nigeria between May 16-20, 2016 on “Current Research Trends in  
the Mathematical Sciences and Applications".  For details, please  
contact Prof. A. O. Kuku (AAS-President) (aderemikuku en yahoo.com) and  
Prof. ART Solarin (AMU – President)
(asolarin2002 en yahoo.com).  


7. V Congreso latinoamericano de matemáticos

The V Congreso latinoamericano de matemáticos under the auspices of  
Unión Matemática de América Latina y el Caribe (UMALCA) takes place in  
the period July 11-15, 2016, at the Universidad del Norte,  
Barrranquilla, Columbia.

8. 7ECM 2016

The quadrennial Congress of the European Mathematical Society, 7ECM,  
will be held in Berlin, Germany, July 18 - 22, 2016. The program  
contains ten plenary Lectures, 31 invited Lectures, several prize  
lectures, the Hirzebruch Lecture, the Abel Lecture and much more. 100  
grants will be offered to mathematicians from less developed  
countries. All abstracts and proposals must be submitted via the 7ECM  
registration platform. Early registration ends on 31 March 2016.
The event is preceded by the Council of the European Mathematical  
Society at Humboldt University, Berlin, on July 16-17.


9. Calls from the AMSSI

The African Mathematics Millennium Science Initiative has as its  
mission to nurture the next generation of African mathematicians and  
mathematical leadership. It has open calls for
-  The AMMSI-Phillip Griffiths Prize which is to be awarded annually,  
starting in 2016, to an African mathematician, living in Africa, who  
has made outstanding contribution to mathematics, application of  
mathematics or promotion of mathematics, as evidenced by research and  
its impact. The award comprises a certificate with a citation on the  
winner’s scientific achievement as well as a cash prize of USD 6,000.
-  The AMMSI-Phillip Griffiths Travel Grant which is to be awarded  
annually, starting 2016, to an African mathematician, living in  
Africa, to enable him or her visit an international research partner  
for a period of 1 to 3 months. In case of matching support from the  
host institution, the period may be extended as appropriate. The  
program is designed to offer the opportunity for research to  
mathematicians in the early stages of their professional careers.

Both the prize and the travel grant have been made possible through a  
grant to AMMSI by Professor Phillip Griffiths occasioned by his  
reception of the Chern Prize in 2014.

-   Mentoring African Research in Mathematics (MARM): The London  
Mathematical Society (LMS) and the IMU in association with the AMMSI  
are seeking applications for grants to support mathematics and its  
teaching in universities in Africa. Four mentoring partnerships are to  
be awarded, each for a duration of two years. The MARM awards will  
focus on building infrastructure and networking in mathematics in  

For more information, nomination and application procedures see this page.

10. Abel Prize 2016: Announcement

The name of the 2016 Abel Laureate will be announced by the President  
of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters on 15 March 2016 at 11  
am GMT.


11. Data in ICSU

We live immersed in a world of data, those we generate ourselves  
(sometimes without being aware of it) with our cellphones, credit  
cards and social networks, as well as those that arise from research:  
laboratories, space missions and observations of every kind. This  
immense amount of data is only transformed into useful information  
when it is filtered and analyzed and its patterns identified. This is  
precisely the new paradigm we have christened with the name of Big  
Data. We as mathematicians have a whole world at our fingertips in  
order to conduct research and produce new algorithms, a field which in  
the coming decades can lead to great opportunities of employment for  
young people.

So science is unable to function without data, which in themselves are  
an essential part of the ICSU, the International Council of Science.  
There are three committees (in the group known as the  
Interdisciplinary Bodies), whose aim is to observe how the different  
aspects of our world undergo development and which perhaps are not  
very well known by the mathematical community. Their task is very  
important as regards international, national and regional scientific  
policy. These observations of course contribute to the ever-increasing  
generation of data.
The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) was created in 1992 with  
the aim of providing comprehensive information about the global  
climate system by monitoring the climate and the impact of climate  
change, especially in regard to the Earth’s ecosystems and sea levels.

The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) was set up in 1993 for the  
purpose of observing the state of the oceans and their conditions in  
order to predict how they may evolve and to study their effect on  
climate change.
The Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS) was created in 1996  
with the task of observing the quality of the Earth, the access to  
water resources, the loss of diversity, climate change and the impact  
of contamination and toxicity. 

The GCOS, GOOS and GTOS provide collections of data and promote the  
development of international standards and methodologies to ensure a  
universal and equitable access to data. 

The ICSU completes the circle of the observations with mechanisms  
designed to oversee the production, use and integration of the data  
and information generated, so that good use is made of them and to  
ensure that they are available to all. The institutions charged with  
this task (some devoted to a particular scientific domain, others  
dealing with a broad range of interests for the whole community) are  
as follows:

Formed in 2008, the ICSU World Data System (WDS) is the institution  
belonging to the ICSU World Data Centres (WDCs) and the ICSU  
Federation of Astronomical and Geophysical Data-analysis Services. The  
WDS is composed of 91 Member organizations, including 10 Network  
Members, 4 Partner Members and 18 Associate Members.
The Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) was created  
in 1966 with the responsibility for promoting best practice in the  
management and use of scientific data.

Set up in 1992, the International Network for the Availability of  
Scientific Publications (INASP) is a network whose aim is to improve  
access to scientific information and knowledge as well as promoting  
its flow across different countries, especially those in the process  
of development.

The Scientific Committee on Frequency Allocations for Radio Astronomy  
and Space Science (IUCAF) was formed in 1960 for the purpose of  
studying and coordinating requirements for the distribution of radio  
frequencies and for making them known to the responsible national and  
international institutions.

Report by Manuel de Leon (Madrid, Spain)


12. Mireille Chaleyat –Maurel and Wolfgang Dalitz are retiring from IMU

IMU-Net was launched in September 2003 and Mireille Chaleyat-Maurel  
has been the editor since the beginning. For more than 12 years, she  
collected the most significant news and informations for the world  
mathematical community. And, working in team with a member of the  
Executive Committee, she put together the content of each issue of  
IMU-Net. Together with Wolfgang Dalitz, they took care of assembling  
and managing the long list of more than 10,000 subscribers to IMU-Net.  
Wolfgang Dalitz was sending each issue of IMU-Net.

Mireille Chaleyat-Maurel has been serving IMU for decades.. She was  
responsible of the website of the World Mathematical Year 2000 and,  
together with Minella Alarcon from Basic and Engineering Sciences at  
UNESCO, the driving force behind the exhibition "Experiencing  
Mathematics", which has circulated in many countries with the support  
of UNESCO. More recently, she was the local organizer of the  
Mathematics of Planet Earth Day on March 5 2013, which was hosted by  

Wolfgang Dalitz has been working for IMU since 1994 when he was  
involved in the organization of the International Congress of  
Mathematicians (ICM’98) in Berlin. Since then, he has performed  
various functions at IMU, including providing the technical background  
and email distribution for IMU-Net.  

IMU expresses its warmest thanks to Mireille Chaleyat-Maurel and  
Wolfgang Dalitz for years of dedicated service to IMU.

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