[Todos CMAT] Fwd: IMU-Net 75
Dr. Roberto Markarian
roma en fing.edu.uy
Dom Ene 31 12:14:46 UYT 2016
NOTICIAS DE INTERÉS. RUEGO PRESTAR PARTICULAR ATENCIÓN A LA 2.
RM
IMU-Net 75: January 2016
A Bimonthly Email Newsletter from the International Mathematical Union
Editor: Martin Raussen, Aalborg University, Denmark
CONTENTS
1. Editorial: Learning about the Work of the IMU
2. CEIC: Notes and Comments
3. ICM 2018
4. IMU-CDC: New secretary for policy introduces herself
5. Workshop “Global change impact on diseases and alien species expansion”
6. International AAS/AMU Symposium
7. V Congreso latinoamericano de matemáticos
8. 7ECM 2016
9. Calls from the AMSSI
10. Abel Prize 2016: Announcement
11. Data in ICSU
12. Mireille Chaleyat –Maurel and Wolfgang Dalitz are retiring from IMU
13. Subscribing to IMU-Net
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1. Editorial: Learning about the Work of the IMU
Before I was elected to the Executive Committee of the IMU at the
meeting of the General Assembly in Korea, I had only experienced the
work of the organization as a participant in international congresses.
I've since learned of the many projects that the IMU is involved with,
beyond the challenge of organizing the next ICM in Rio. The challenge
of representing and serving the extremely diverse national
mathematical societies is a daunting one, and members on the staff in
Berlin, not to mention the secretary, Helge Holden, and the president,
Shigefumi Mori, all work tirelessly on our behalf.
I've been particularly impressed with the presence that the IMU
maintains in larger scientific societies, and with the work that the
IMU does in supporting mathematics in developing countries. I was very
fortunate to have been educated at Harvard and Oxford, where I came
into contact with some of the leading mathematicians of our time as a
student. With sponsored conferences and travel grants, we can now make
these opportunities available to young mathematicians around the
world. I feel that we have to foster even more international contact
in the years ahead. Mathematics is a universal language, which can
bring us together in fractious times.
One vehicle for contact and information is this newsletter, the
IMU-Net. I've been asked to serve as the liaison from the Executive
Committee to our new editor, Martin Raussen. Fortunately, I've had the
chance to work with the previous liaison, Christiane Rousseau, and the
previous editor, Mireille Chaleyat, for several months to see how the
IMU-Net is put together. They have both done an outstanding job, and
all of us who are involved with the IMU owe them out thanks. I also
want to thank Martin, who already is serving as the Vice President of
the European Math Society, for taking on this new editorial task.
Benedict H. Gross
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2. CEIC: Notes and Comments
GDML-WG activity
The CEIC's Global Digital Mathematical Library Working Group (GDML-WG)
has been involved in organizing events encouraging community
involvement in progress toward a GDML. At the January 2016 Joint
Mathematics Meetings in Seattle there was an AMS Special Session on
“Mathematical Information in the Digital Age of Science'' with 11
hours of talks by 18 speakers on a wide range of topics relevant to
the GDML effort. The speakers included 2 Fields Medalists, a
past-President of the IMU, the prover of the Kepler Conjecture and the
discoverers of a new convex pentagonal plane tiling, as well as
representatives of publishing, libraries and technology. The next
event involves the GDML-WG with the Wolfram Foundation and the Fields
Institute in a Workshop on the Semantic Representation of Mathematics
to be held February 3-5, 2016 at Fields. This is intended to begin
collaboration toward developing a computable semantic capture language
for mathematics. There will also be a special session of 4 lectures
at the upcoming 7ECM in Berlin, July, 2016 (see Item 8 of this
Newsletter).
MathJax and MathML
MathJax - beautiful math in all browsers! That's the motto of MathJax,
a tool used to display mathematics on web pages millions of times a
day. MathJax is an open-source JavaScript display engine for LaTeX,
MathML, and AsciiMath notation that works in all browsers. In 2009,
the AMS, Design Science and SIAM formed the MathJax Consortium to
enable Davide Cervone, with the help of Robert Miner at Design
Science, to design MathJax from the ground up, capitalizing on the
extensive real-world experience gained from Cervone's earlier jsMath.
Robert Miner was co-chair of the W3C Math Working Group that had
developed MathML, Mathematics Markup Language, an XML vocabulary for
representing mathematics on the web. MathML was the first specialist
XML vocabulary for a specific subject and now a full ISO standard.
A problem for MathML has always been that mathematics, and indeed
scientific and technical documents, make up so little of total web
traffic. As a result, Web browser makers have not expended the
resources necessary to provide full support for MathML rendering. They
are much more interested by the needs of advertising, say, for
graphics or by inclusion of video or audio. Thus MathJax was first
seen partly as a way to bridge the gap until better native browser
implementations for MathML were available.
MathJax software is a tour de force of programming in JavaScript.
Roughly speaking, it takes input notation and converts it into an
internal form of MathML; then that internal representation is
converted, if the browser has no direct MathML rendering, into an HTML
form styled with CSS and making use of modern Web font technology
since mathematics employs special symbols and many alphabets; finally
the browser's own rendering engine paints the screen. Since TeX is a
fully capable programming language MathJax does not provide an
interpreter for all TeX input, but does support most of the common
LaTeX constructions and even a variety of customizations by users.
MathJax is software that thousands of mathematicians today see writing
the equations on their screen. MathML is a standard that is coherent
with other Web and commercial XML standards. Thus MathML is employed
by publishers and database services, such as MathSciNet and zbMATH or
Wolfram Functions and NIST's DLMF, when they want to represent their
equations in a publicly accepted standard form. MathML offers both
markup for the presentation of formulas and some designed to express
the content's semantics for, roughly, school-level mathematics. A
better machinable markup expressing semantic aspects for mathematics
at large, in its various natural levels from informal to fully
formalized, is the concern, for instance, of the workshop mentioned
above under GDML-WG Activity.
Report by Patrick Ion (University of Michigan, USA)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. ICM 2018
From August 1st to 9th, 2018, Rio de Janeiro will host the
International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) in its largest and most
traditional convention center: Riocentro, in the Barra da Tijuca
neighborhood.
Subscription to the Congress Newsletter is now open.
The General Assembly of the IMU will be held in São Paulo, on July 29
– 30, 2018.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. IMU-CDC: New secretary for policy introduces herself
I teach at the University of Valencia (UV, Spain) where I am Full
Professor. My main research interest is in Geometric Analysis, with
particular emphasis in variational problems involving the volume and
the energy functionals.
During four years, 2010-2014, I served as Vice-Rector for
International Relations and Cooperation at the UV. This gave me the
opportunity to make contacts with an important number of universities
in Developing Countries, many of them in the Mediterranean Area and in
America.
I have been working for mathematical societies during the past 15
years; in particular for the Royal Spanish Mathematical Society, as
Vice-president from 2004 and as President from October 2006 to October
2009 and also for the European Mathematical Society, as a member of
the Executive Committee (2005-2008).
I became aware of the importance of the IMU when the Spanish
mathematical community had been involved in the organization of the
ICM06 in Madrid. Later on, being part of the Spanish Committee for the
IMU (as a member from October 2006 and as President from 2008 to 2010)
has allowed me to appreciate better the variety of activities that IMU
supports. Now that I have been given the opportunity of helping the
IMU acting as the Secretary for Policy of the CDC, I am delighted and
grateful for this challenging task.
I am enthusiastically joining the Commission and very proud of working
together with this team of experienced colleagues, in particular with
its President Wandera Ogana, and maintaining the very successful
programs that you are invited to follow on the CDC webpage. During the
past months, the Commission has been drawing up a plan for an
important new program: the IMU Breakout Graduate Fellowships. I will
write in a future Newsletter about this project that will hopefully be
implemented during 2016.
Olga Gil-Medrano
Secretary for Policy of the CDC
------------------------------------------------------------------------
5. Workshop “Global change impact on diseases and alien species expansion”
The workshop will take place at the African Institute for Mathematical
Sciences (AIMS), in Cape Town, South Africa on May 2-6 2016. This
website accepts applications. African participants will receive full
funding.
This international, interdisciplinary, educational and capacity
building workshop will bring together the two subjects of infectious
diseases and invasive species and the context of climate change, thus
allowing sharing the methods and building partnerships. The workshop
will address the whole range of topics from field-work and collecting
of data to the building and validating of models, to the adjustment of
models to take into account the changing environment and the social
characteristics, and to the design and implementation of strategies to
fight infectious diseases and invasive species. Special emphasis will
be put on African diseases and invasive species, as well as the
characteristics of changing environment in Africa.
The workshop planned for 50 participants is mostly aimed to young
researchers and postgraduate students, with a majority coming from
Africa.
Organizers: Jacek Banasiak (South Africa) banasiak en ukn.ac.za
Christiane Rousseau (Canada) rousseac en dms.umontreal.ca
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6. International AAS/AMU Symposium
The African Academy of Sciences (AAS) in collaboration with African
Mathematical Union (AMU) and the UNESCO Chair of Mathematics -
National Mathematical Centre, Abuja-Nigeria, will host an
International AAS/AMU Symposium at the National Mathematical Centre,
Abuja-Nigeria between May 16-20, 2016 on “Current Research Trends in
the Mathematical Sciences and Applications". For details, please
contact Prof. A. O. Kuku (AAS-President) (aderemikuku en yahoo.com) and
Prof. ART Solarin (AMU – President)
(asolarin2002 en yahoo.com).
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7. V Congreso latinoamericano de matemáticos
The V Congreso latinoamericano de matemáticos under the auspices of
Unión Matemática de América Latina y el Caribe (UMALCA) takes place in
the period July 11-15, 2016, at the Universidad del Norte,
Barrranquilla, Columbia.
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8. 7ECM 2016
The quadrennial Congress of the European Mathematical Society, 7ECM,
will be held in Berlin, Germany, July 18 - 22, 2016. The program
contains ten plenary Lectures, 31 invited Lectures, several prize
lectures, the Hirzebruch Lecture, the Abel Lecture and much more. 100
grants will be offered to mathematicians from less developed
countries. All abstracts and proposals must be submitted via the 7ECM
registration platform. Early registration ends on 31 March 2016.
The event is preceded by the Council of the European Mathematical
Society at Humboldt University, Berlin, on July 16-17.
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9. Calls from the AMSSI
The African Mathematics Millennium Science Initiative has as its
mission to nurture the next generation of African mathematicians and
mathematical leadership. It has open calls for
- The AMMSI-Phillip Griffiths Prize which is to be awarded annually,
starting in 2016, to an African mathematician, living in Africa, who
has made outstanding contribution to mathematics, application of
mathematics or promotion of mathematics, as evidenced by research and
its impact. The award comprises a certificate with a citation on the
winner’s scientific achievement as well as a cash prize of USD 6,000.
- The AMMSI-Phillip Griffiths Travel Grant which is to be awarded
annually, starting 2016, to an African mathematician, living in
Africa, to enable him or her visit an international research partner
for a period of 1 to 3 months. In case of matching support from the
host institution, the period may be extended as appropriate. The
program is designed to offer the opportunity for research to
mathematicians in the early stages of their professional careers.
Both the prize and the travel grant have been made possible through a
grant to AMMSI by Professor Phillip Griffiths occasioned by his
reception of the Chern Prize in 2014.
- Mentoring African Research in Mathematics (MARM): The London
Mathematical Society (LMS) and the IMU in association with the AMMSI
are seeking applications for grants to support mathematics and its
teaching in universities in Africa. Four mentoring partnerships are to
be awarded, each for a duration of two years. The MARM awards will
focus on building infrastructure and networking in mathematics in
Africa.
For more information, nomination and application procedures see this page.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. Abel Prize 2016: Announcement
The name of the 2016 Abel Laureate will be announced by the President
of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters on 15 March 2016 at 11
am GMT.
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11. Data in ICSU
We live immersed in a world of data, those we generate ourselves
(sometimes without being aware of it) with our cellphones, credit
cards and social networks, as well as those that arise from research:
laboratories, space missions and observations of every kind. This
immense amount of data is only transformed into useful information
when it is filtered and analyzed and its patterns identified. This is
precisely the new paradigm we have christened with the name of Big
Data. We as mathematicians have a whole world at our fingertips in
order to conduct research and produce new algorithms, a field which in
the coming decades can lead to great opportunities of employment for
young people.
So science is unable to function without data, which in themselves are
an essential part of the ICSU, the International Council of Science.
There are three committees (in the group known as the
Interdisciplinary Bodies), whose aim is to observe how the different
aspects of our world undergo development and which perhaps are not
very well known by the mathematical community. Their task is very
important as regards international, national and regional scientific
policy. These observations of course contribute to the ever-increasing
generation of data.
The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) was created in 1992 with
the aim of providing comprehensive information about the global
climate system by monitoring the climate and the impact of climate
change, especially in regard to the Earth’s ecosystems and sea levels.
The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) was set up in 1993 for the
purpose of observing the state of the oceans and their conditions in
order to predict how they may evolve and to study their effect on
climate change.
The Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS) was created in 1996
with the task of observing the quality of the Earth, the access to
water resources, the loss of diversity, climate change and the impact
of contamination and toxicity.
The GCOS, GOOS and GTOS provide collections of data and promote the
development of international standards and methodologies to ensure a
universal and equitable access to data.
The ICSU completes the circle of the observations with mechanisms
designed to oversee the production, use and integration of the data
and information generated, so that good use is made of them and to
ensure that they are available to all. The institutions charged with
this task (some devoted to a particular scientific domain, others
dealing with a broad range of interests for the whole community) are
as follows:
Formed in 2008, the ICSU World Data System (WDS) is the institution
belonging to the ICSU World Data Centres (WDCs) and the ICSU
Federation of Astronomical and Geophysical Data-analysis Services. The
WDS is composed of 91 Member organizations, including 10 Network
Members, 4 Partner Members and 18 Associate Members.
The Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) was created
in 1966 with the responsibility for promoting best practice in the
management and use of scientific data.
Set up in 1992, the International Network for the Availability of
Scientific Publications (INASP) is a network whose aim is to improve
access to scientific information and knowledge as well as promoting
its flow across different countries, especially those in the process
of development.
The Scientific Committee on Frequency Allocations for Radio Astronomy
and Space Science (IUCAF) was formed in 1960 for the purpose of
studying and coordinating requirements for the distribution of radio
frequencies and for making them known to the responsible national and
international institutions.
Report by Manuel de Leon (Madrid, Spain)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
12. Mireille Chaleyat –Maurel and Wolfgang Dalitz are retiring from IMU
IMU-Net was launched in September 2003 and Mireille Chaleyat-Maurel
has been the editor since the beginning. For more than 12 years, she
collected the most significant news and informations for the world
mathematical community. And, working in team with a member of the
Executive Committee, she put together the content of each issue of
IMU-Net. Together with Wolfgang Dalitz, they took care of assembling
and managing the long list of more than 10,000 subscribers to IMU-Net.
Wolfgang Dalitz was sending each issue of IMU-Net.
Mireille Chaleyat-Maurel has been serving IMU for decades.. She was
responsible of the website of the World Mathematical Year 2000 and,
together with Minella Alarcon from Basic and Engineering Sciences at
UNESCO, the driving force behind the exhibition "Experiencing
Mathematics", which has circulated in many countries with the support
of UNESCO. More recently, she was the local organizer of the
Mathematics of Planet Earth Day on March 5 2013, which was hosted by
IMU at UNESCO.
Wolfgang Dalitz has been working for IMU since 1994 when he was
involved in the organization of the International Congress of
Mathematicians (ICM’98) in Berlin. Since then, he has performed
various functions at IMU, including providing the technical background
and email distribution for IMU-Net.
IMU expresses its warmest thanks to Mireille Chaleyat-Maurel and
Wolfgang Dalitz for years of dedicated service to IMU.
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